You should consider tax residency in Czech for digital nomads if you plan to spend a decent amount of time in the country. You might want to move to the buzzing city of Prague or explore some of the countryside of the Czech Republic. In any case, you should think about the tax consequences this might have for you.
Living in Czech
Czech or the Czech Republic is part of the European Union and also from the Schengen Area. This means that if you are a citizen of another Schengen country, you can go there without any issues. However, if you spend more than three months in the country, you should register yourself with the local authorities.
If you don’t hold a passport of one of the countries of the Schengen Area, you might need a visa to enter Czech. In this case, the Czech digital nomad visa is something to look into.
Czech tax rules
Tax residency in Czech
The Czech Republic considers you a tax resident if you spend 183 or more days there during a calendar year. The same applies if you have a permanent home available in the country, owned or rented, and you have the intention to live there.
Tax residency in Czech for digital nomads: tax rates
The Czech Republic applies two tax brackets. On the first amount of around €82.000 (indexed yearly) you pay 15% in income taxes. On any income above that threshold, a tax rate of 23% applies.
On most investment income you will pay a flat tax rate of 15%.
Tax residency in Czech for digital nomads: social contributions
Social contributions for self-employed persons in Czech amount to 29,2%. Furthermore, you can opt to voluntarily join sickness insurance. The rate for the sickness insurance is 2,1%. This would bring your total social security contributions to 31,3%.
However, on top of this you also need to pay health insurance contributions at a rate of 13,5%.
Consequently, all contributions combined amount to the staggering rate of 42,7% to 44,8%.
Lump sum taxation for self-employed individuals
Self-employed individuals can opt for lump sum taxation under certain conditions. The most important condition is that you only qualify if you have a revenue of less than €84.000 per year. Apart from this, other conditions apply.
Basically there are three categories of which you can be part under this regime depending on the income you generated (during the last year).
You fall within the first category if you made less than €42.000. If you qualify for this category, you will pay a lump sum for income taxes and social contributions of €260 per month or €3.120 per year. Basically, this means you pay taxes and contributions at an effective rate of just under 7,5%.
The second category is for people exceeding the first threshold but making less than €63.000. In this category, your monthly lump sum payment equals to around €675 or €8.100 per year. In this case your effective tax rate amounts to just under 13%.
The third category if for people exceeding the second threshold but making less than the absolute maximum of €84.000. If the third category applies, your monthly contributions equals €1.095 or €13.140 per year. Thus, this gives you an effective tax rate of just under 16%.
By applying for the lump sum taxation regime you can lower your tax rate massively as long as you don’t exceed the maximum income level.
It is nice to know that if you fall within the scope of this regime, you also don’t need to charge VAT. This is mainly an advantage is you work for clients who can’t reclaim VAT, like private individuals.
60/40 method for freelancers
The most popular setup is the 60/40 setup for freelancers. This tax regime is called like that because it offers you the possibility to deduct 60% of your revenue as a lump sum cost deduction. Consequently, you only pay tax on 40% of your income. Yet, there is a limit to this. You will only benefit from this lump sum cost deduction up to an amount of around €85.000. This does not mean that if you make more than this amount, you can’t use this method. It just means that your revenue above that threshold will be taken into account in full to determine your tax rate.
After applying this lump sum cost deduction, the net result is subject to the standard tax rates. This means that if you have an income of around €85.000 you will pay around 13% in total in income taxes and social contributions.
Setting up a company in Czech
Instead of doing business in your personal name, you could also opt to work with a Czech company. Yet, corporate taxes in Czech are 19%. For this reason, I don’t recommend using a Czech company in your tax setup.
Tax residency in Czech for digital nomads: conclusion
If you just look at the general income tax rates in the Czech Republic, you will come to the conclusion isn’t the greatest country to set up your tax residency but not the worst either. However, social contributions amount to such a high percentage that you will conclude it doesn’t make sense setting up tax residency in Czech.
Nevertheless, you should think about applying the lump sum taxation regime for self-employed people. In this way, you can lower your overall tax rate to as low as 7,5% depending on your income level.